Content Guidelines
Title of publication: for Polish-language publications - in Polish and English, for English-language publications in English, centered, font 12 pt., antique (straight line), all caps (capital letter), bold (bold font).
Affiliation: for Polish-language publications - in Polish and English, for English-language publications, centered, font 11 pt., antique, bold.
Abstract: dfor Polish-language publications, 250 – 500 words, font 10 pts., italics, bold, with a period at the end. The abstract must be a concise description of the work, which includes the following issues (a prerequisite!): the objective (a concise outline of the background work, the definition of the objectives of the study, and a description of all the hypotheses taken into account), m conclusions, methods (specifying the methodology of the study, explaining quantitative or qualitative methods, and defining the research instruments), the results (with a constrained summary of the most important results obtained) and conclusions (explaining why the results of the studies are significant, and what are the key messages. The abstract is published separately in multiple indexing bases, so it should be complete.
Abstract: for Polish- and English-language publications, requirements and guidelines as for the abstract above.
Keywords: 5 words describing the content of the work, for Polish-language publications, font 10 pt., space, without a dot at the end.
Keywords: 5 words describing the content of the work for Polish- and English-language publications, requirements and guidelines, as for the keywords above.


Introduction: a brief introduction to the issue in relation to the existing (current!) state of the research, precisely described purpose of the article, and the presentation of a research strategy, with the thesis (hypothesis) of the research or the research question.
Literature verification: presentation of the most important research results in the presented topic, which includes articles published in recognized Polish and foreign journals, in particular indexed in the databases of SCOPUS, Web of Science, ERIH PLUS. The verification must take into account its own assessment of the existing scientific material.
Test methodology: detailed description of the test procedure with explanation of the quantitative or qualitative methods used, and determination of test instruments.
Results: presentation of the results attained, if possible in graphic or tabular form.
Discussion: in-depth discussion with regard to the current state of a research, noticing research restrictions – if exist, development prospects.
Conclusions: not being a summary, reference to the purpose of the article referred to in the introduction, highlighting the importance of the results obtained – innovation of a research, or scientific contribution to the field, indication of limitations of a research (if any).
Bibliography: should only include scientific publications quoted in the article. References should be up-to-date and complete (at least 50%of entries should be quoted in SCOPUS, Web of Science, ERIH PLUS up to 2 custom citations; max. 50% of your own quotes for PNO, SBN, SLW or NSZ articles).


  • it should contain only the items listed in the work;
  • it should be written in alphabetical order, starting with the author's name;
  • 3. the websites referenced by the author should also be listed;
  • each entry should contain: the full name and initials of the author's names, the year of issue, the full title of the work, in the case of edited items - the title and names of the editors, the publisher and the place of issue;
  • in the case of articles, the title of the journal should be in italics; the year of issue, the tom and the page numbers must also be provided;
  • if the article has an electronic document Identifier (DOI), you must provide it;
  • 7. If you are using websites, please indicate the date of access in square brackets; hyperlinks should be removed.
Citation style: Harvard Taylor & Francis (in the endnote, this style is labeled TF-V HarvardB).


Basic rules:
  • all main words in magazine and book titles should be capitalized;
  • always include the page number in the quoted text (johnson 2013, p. 10);
  • publications of the same author from the same year: should be distinguished in the order of publication, using an alphabetical suffix placed after the year of publication (2017a, 2017b, etc.); use the same suffix to distinguish a reference to a publication in a text; the bibliographic list (under bibliography) contains detailed information about all the sources quoted in the text; each item mentioned must be also mentioned in the article;
  • the order of the bibliographic list is alphabetical, starting with the name of the main author: for many authors: the names of authors should be written exactly as stated in the publication; the lead author is listed first by the publisher;
  • same author, different years of publication: provide a list of author entries chronologically, starting from the earliest date;
  • same author, same year of publication: use alphabetical suffix (2017a, 2017b).

    Autor, A. A. and Author, B., Year. The title of the article. Magazine title, Tom (edition), pages.

    Evans, W.A., 1994. Approaches to intelligent information retrieval. Information Processing and Management, 1 (2), 147-168.
    Author, A., Year. The title of the book. Place of issue: Publisher.

    Mercer, P.A. and Smith, G., 1993. Private viewdata in the UK. 2nd ed. London: Longman.
    Author, A., Year. Chapter title. In: A. Editor and B. Editor, ed. Book title. Place of issue: Publisher, pages.

    Bantz, C.R., 1995. Social dimensions of software development. In: J.A. Anderson, ed. Annual review of software management and development. Newbury Park, CA: 502-510.
    Author, A. A., Author, & Author, C., Year. The title of the work. In: A. Editor, B. Editor & C. Editor (ed.), Conference title: conference information. Conference venue, conference date, parties.

    Eidenberger, H., Breitenender, C. and Hitz, M., 2002. A Frameworks for Visual Information Retrieval. In S-K. Chang, Z. Chen and S-Y. Lee (eds), Recent advances in visual information systems: 5th International conference, VISUAL 2002 proceesings. Hsin Chu, Taiwan, 11-13 marca 2002r., 105-116.
    Autor, A., Year. The title of the document [online]. Source. Available at: URL [date of access].

    Holland, M., 2004. Guide to citing Internet sources [online]. Poole, Bournemouth niversity. Accessible at: [accessed: 4 listopada 2004].
    Author, A. (or Title of Newspaper), Year. Title of article. Title of Newspaper, day Month, page, column.

    Independent, 1992. Picking up the bills. Independent, 4 June, str. 28a.
    Author, A., 1995. The title of the work. Type of work (degree). University.

    Agutter, A.J., 1995. The linguistic significance of current British slang. Thesis (PhD). Edinburgh University.
    Ustawa z dnia 3 lipca 2002 r. – Prawo lotnicze (DzU z 2013 r., poz. 1393), rozdział 1, art. 2, pkt 2.

    Commonwealth of Australia, A., 2001. Corporations Act 2001 [online]. Available at: [accessed: 30 March 2018].