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REVIEW PAPER
THE STATE OF THE CYBER ENVIRONMENT AND NATIONAL CYBERSECURITY STRATEGY IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
 
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The War College of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Elshan Elyar TANRIVERDIYEV   

The War College of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Kara Karaev avenue 22. Flat 9, AZ 1060, Baku, Azerbaijan
Publication date: 2022-03-30
 
SBN 2022;23(1)
 
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ABSTRACT
In the context of integration into modern information technologies, the state, society, business structures and individuals face critical challenges in the field of information and its authenticity in cyberspace, secure use of electronic services, protection of personal data, data completeness and confidentiality. In an environment where new cyber threats are constantly emerging and evolving, it is important for countries to have flexible, operational cybersecurity strategies against global cyber threats. In the modern era, cyberattacks and cyber defense are considered as an integral part of all operations. At present, no military operation is carried out without a cyber element. However, very few countries are able to respond to such attacks with state resources . Today, the issue of cybersecurity is considered one of the priorities. Every year, governmental, non-governmental and international organizations hold various events in this area at the regional and global levels. As it is seen, cybersecurity is a very broad and urgent problem. The Azerbaijani state has taken appropriate steps to assess the existing gaps and threats in this area in a timely manner and will continue to work with great determination . Currently, the number of cyberattacks and cyber-espionage against government agencies and private companies is growing rapidly. The consequences of well-planned and successful cyberattacks targeting interconnected and dependent information infrastructure can be devastating. Cybersecurity and privacy of personal information is becoming a strategic national issue affecting all levels of society. Therefore, cybersecurity becomes a necessary condition for the development of the information society. Each state has a different approach to cybersecurity, there are such views on cybersecurity as information security, the issue of national security, the issue of law enforcement agencies and the economic issue. Although all countries recognize the importance of international cooperation in the field of cybersecurity, the lack of a common language and approach complicates the process of international cooperation. Therefore, the partnership and cooperation of countries in the field of cybersecurity is vital. Provision of reliable cybersecurity is beyond the access of small states independently, and solving this problem requires the partnership and cooperation of all interested parties - states, law enforcement agencies, the private sector and citizens. The cross-border nature of cyber threats encourages countries to work closely together in the field of cybersecurity. Nowadays, the issue of cybersecurity is becoming a national strategic problem and affects all sectors of society. Fast, efficient and effective fight against cyber threats requires the definition of the right strategic goals. The development of a national cybersecurity strategy is the first and main step in the fight against cyber threats. To develop a successful and optimal national cybersecurity strategy, available national cybersecurity strategies should be analyzed and successful practices against cyber threats should be used.
ISSN:2082-2677