PL EN
REVIEW PAPER
SAFETY IN THE PROCESS OF SHAPING A SMART CITY
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Wojskowa Akademia Techniczna im. Jarosława Dąbrowskiego w Warszawie
Publication date: 2019-12-11
 
SBN 2019;16(2): 79–90
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
The article aims to present the extent to which undertakings undertook by cities implementing the smart city concept take into account the needs related to ensuring safety. There was analyzed the concept of a smart city, also against the background of a traditional and sustainable city. Subsequently, selected projects undertaken in smart cities for the benefit of security were presented.
 
REFERENCES (44)
1.
Ahvenniemi, H., Huovila, A., Pinto-Seppä, I., Airaksinen, M., 2017. What are the differences between sustainable and smart cities?. Cities, vol. 60.
 
2.
Berardi, U., 2003. Sustainability assessment of urban communities through rating systems. Environment, Development and Sustainability, nr 15(6).
 
3.
Bucharest’s Traffic Management System (BTMS) was restarted. https://bucharestsmartcity. ro/2015/12/25/bucharest-smart-traffic/ (dostęp: 22.09.2020).
 
4.
Caragliu, A., Nijkamp, P., 2009. Smart Cities in Europe, Journal of Urban Technology, nr 18.
 
5.
Castells, M., 2000. Urban sustainability in information age, City, nr 4(1).
 
6.
Chicago Smart Lighting Program. https://chicagosmartlighting-c... (dostęp: 25.09.2020).
 
7.
Cities of tomorrow – Challenges, visions, ways forward, European Commission – Directorate General for Regional Policy. Luxembourg 2011. https://ec.europa.eu/regional_... docgener/studies/pdf/citiesoftomorrow/citiesoftomorrow_final.pdf (dostęp: 26.09.2020).
 
8.
Cole, R., 2012. Transitioning from green to regenerative design. Building Research and Information, nr 40(1).
 
9.
Czupich, M., Ignasiak-Szulc, A., 2016. Czynniki i bariery wdrażania koncepcji Smart City w Polsce, Studia Ekonomiczne. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Katowicach, nr 276.
 
10.
Florida, R., 2010. Narodziny klasy kreatywnej. Warszawa.
 
11.
Gibson D.V., Kozmetsky G., Smilor R.W. (red.), 1992. The Technopolis Phenomenon. Smart Cities, Fast Systems, Global Networks, Rowman & Littelfield Publishers Inc., Lanham.
 
12.
Gontarz, A., 2005. Być dobrze poinformowanym, Computer World, nr 4.
 
13.
Höjer, M., Wangel, J., 2015. Smart Sustainable Cities: Definition and Challenges, [w:] ICT Innovations for Sustainability, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, red. L.M. Hilty, B. Aebischer, Springer International Publishing, Zurich.
 
14.
 
15.
 
16.
Huang, S.-L., Yeh, C.-T., Budd, W.W., Chen, L.-L., A Sensitivity Model (SM) approach to analyze urban development in Taiwan based on sustainability indicators. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, nr 29(2)/2009.
 
17.
ISO 37120:2018 Sustainable cities and communities – Indicators for city services and quality of life.
 
18.
Johnson, I., 2013. China’s Great Uprooting: Moving 250 Million into Cities, New York Times, 15 czerwca.
 
19.
Lee, J.H., Hancock, M.G., Hu, M., 2014. Towards an Effective Framework for Building Smart Cities: Lessons from Seoul and San Francisco, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, nr 89.
 
20.
Lin, P., Swimmer, M., Urano, A., Hilt, S., Vosseler, R., Securing Smart Cities. Moving Toward Utopia with Security in Mind, TrendMicroTM Incorporated. http://branden.biz/wp-content/ uploads/2017/06/wp-securing-smart-cities.pdf (dostęp: 22.09.2020).
 
21.
Manville, C., Cochrane, G., Cave, J., Millard, J., Pederson, J.K., Thaarup, R.C., Liebe, A., Wissner, M., Massink, R., Kotterink, B., 2014. Mapping Smart Cities in the EU, Directorate General for Internal Policies. Policy Department A: Economic and Scientific Policy, European Parliament, Brussels, January. https://www.europarl.europa.eu... RegData/etudes/etudes/ join/2014/507480/IPOL-ITRE_ET%282014%29507480_EN.pdf (dostęp: 22.09.2020).
 
22.
Manville, C., How Smart Are Our European Cities? https://www.rand.org/blog/2014... -smart-are-our-european-cities.html (dostęp: 20.09.2020).
 
23.
Mikulik, J., 2017. Wizja bezpiecznego smart city. Napędy i Sterowanie, nr 6.
 
24.
Oh, J., 2020. Smart City as a Tool of Citizen-Oriented Urban Regeneration: Framework of Preliminary Evaluation and Its Application, Sustainability, vol. 12(17).
 
25.
Perboli, G., Rosano, M., 2020. A Taxonomic Analysis of Smart City Projects in North America and Europe, Sustainability, vol. 12(18).
 
26.
Population 2030. Demographic challenges and opportunities for sustainable development planning, Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York 2015. https://www.un.org/en/developm... (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
27.
Reed, B., 2007. Shifting from ‘sustainability’ to regeneration, Building Research and Information, vol. 35(6).
 
28.
Ritchie, H., Urbanization. https://ourworldindata.org/urb... (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
29.
Robinson, Ch.F., 2009. Safety and Security in the Future City, [w:] Future Cities. Designing Better, Smarter, More Sustainable and Secure Cities, red. J.N. Pelton, I.B. Singh, Intelligent Community Forum. New York.
 
30.
Robinson, J., Cole, R., 2015. Theoretical underpinnings of regenerative sustainability, Building Research and Information, nr 43(2), s. 133-143.
 
31.
Safe City Index 2019. Urban security and resilience in an interconnected world, The Economist Intelligence Unit Limited, 2019.
 
32.
Schaffers, H., Komninos, N., Palloot, M., Trousse, B., Nilsson, M., Oliveira, A., 2011. Smart Cities and the Future Internet: Towards Cooperation Framework for Open Innovation, [w:] The Future Internet. Future Internet Assembly 2011: Achievements and Technological Promises, red. J. Domingue i in., Springer.
 
33.
Singh, I.B., Pelton, J.N., 2013. The Safe City. Living Free in a Dangerous World, Washington.
 
34.
Sjöberg, I., Nygren, K.G., 2020. Contesting city safety – exploring (un)safety and objects of risk from multiple viewpoints, Journal of Risk Research.
 
35.
Smart Cities and Communities. Key Messages for the High-Level Group from the Smart Cities Stakeholder Platform Roadmap Group, 2013. https://www.yumpu.com/en/docum... key-messages-to-the-high-level-group-smart-cities (dostęp: 22.09.2020).
 
36.
Smart Cities Council. Smart Cities Readiness Guide, Redmond 2015.
 
37.
Smart Cities Study 2017. International Study on the Situation and Development of ICT, Innovation and Knowledge in Cities, The Committee of Digital and Knowledge-based Cities of UCLG, Bilbao 2017.
 
38.
Smart Cities Study. International Study on the Situation of ITC, Innovation and Knowledge in Cities, The Committee of Digital and Knowledge-based Cities of UCLG, Bilbao 2012.
 
39.
Smart Streets. https://www.boston.gov/innovat... (dostęp: 22.09.2020).
 
40.
Smith, P.D., 2012. City: a User’s Guide to the Past, Present and Future of Urban Life, Bloomsbury, New York.
 
41.
The World’s Cities in 2018. Data Booklet, United Nations. https://www.un.org/en/events/c... assets/pdf/the_worlds_cities_in_2018_data_booklet.pdf (dostęp: 18.09.2020).
 
42.
Trends in Smart City Development, National Ligue of Cities, Center for City Solutions and Applied Research. https://eu-smartcities.eu/site... Smart%20City%20Development.pdf (dostęp: 27.09.2020).
 
43.
UN-Habitat Strategic Plan 2020-2023, s. 7. https://unhabitat.org/sites/de... (dostęp: 26.09.2020).
 
44.
World City Populations 2020. https://worldpopulationreview.... (dostęp: 21.09.2020).
 
ISSN:2082-2677